From the seashore to the deepest depths, oceans are home to some of the most diverse life on Earth.
However, all the Mediterranean Sea animals are subjected to serious threats for several reasons. This includes overfishing, and a number of fish being killed as unintended bycatch, which also includes whales and dolphins.
Additionally, human activity in the area is responsible for subjecting animals to collisions with vessels, habitat destruction, noise pollution, and pollution caused by plastics and chemicals. Loggerhead Turtles The carnivorous loggerhead turtle is the Mediterranean's most common turtle.
One of the largest of the Chelonia sea turtles, the reddish brown loggerhead carries more of the encrusting organisms, like barnacles, on its shell than other marine turtle.
Highly migratory, the loggerhead turtles are known to have made some of the longest journeys of all the marine turtle species. Being migratory has made the turtles subject to accidental capture in the nets of the world's fisheries. Sharks and Rays Several types of sharks and rays are found in the Mediterranean.
This includes the shortfin mako shark Isurus oxyrinchusthe probeagle shark Lamna nasusthe giant devil ray Mobula mobular and the seabed-hugging Maltese ray, also known as the Maltese skate Leucoraja melitensis.
However, the great white shark Carcharodon carcharias is among the 30 species of sharks and rays at risk for extinction, according to the National Geographic website. The seal has a uniform brown body with a lower underside that is a yellowish-white.
The name of the seal comes from the fact that its coloration resembles that of a monk's habit. Monk seals weigh up to pounds and live between 20 to 30 years. Its diet consists of octopus, mollusks and fish. The monk seal is the most endangered of the fin foot species with probably fewer than remaining on earth, according to the World Wildlife Federation.
Whales and Dolphins About 20 different species of whales and dolphins are found in the Mediterranean with eight species being residents. This includes the sperm whale, orca, bottlenose dolphin and the common dolphin. The common dolphin, once the most abundant species of dolphin in the Mediterranean, is now classified as endangered, according to the Whales and Dolphins Conservation Society.
Marine Fish Marine fish found in the Mediterranean include commercial species like sea bass, Dicentrarchus labraxhake Merluccius merlucciusblue fin tuna Thunnus thynnus and dusky grouper Epinephelus marginatus. However, the fish are all threatened with extinction, according to the International Union for Conservation of Nature website.
There are more than 40 species of marine fish in the Mediterranean that can disappear in the next few years with 12 species of bony fish also threatened with extinction. Pufferfish The poisonous pufferfish Lagocephalus sceleratus is one of more than species of alien fish that in the last few decades have been found in the coastal regions of the eastern Mediterranean Sea.
The invasion is changing the whole food chain, according to the Physorg website. The completion of the Suez Canal in created a corridor that allowed the spread of alien species into the Mediterranean.
The impact of alien species is known as biological contamination.Swordfish are found in the Atlantic, Pacific, and Indian Oceans and in the Mediterranean Sea. These may be the most famous fish on this list due to the story of "The Perfect Storm," about a swordfishing boat from Gloucester, MA that was lost at sea during a storm in Sea Life has healthy fish, invertebrates, corals and plants, and every employee is SO helpful and knowledgeable.
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The Living Sea From the seashore to the deepest depths, oceans are home to some of the most diverse life on Earth. There are big animals and little ones; long and short ones, multicolored and drab ones, and those that just sit while others that never stop swimming.
At its peak in , the Aral Sea produced more than 48, tons of fish, representing roughly 13 percent of the Soviet Union’s fish stocks.
By the s, due to the rising salinity of the sea, the 20 native species of fish were decimated; commercial harvests plummeted to zero by Fish Quotes. Quotes tagged as "fish" Showing of “Once we were blobs in the sea, and then fishes, and then lizards and rats and then monkeys, and hundreds of things in between.
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