As all of you know, Dr. He was a great figure in the study of Arab politics and society. He was also an indefatigable advocate of Palestinian rights. I never met him, but I feel privileged to speak to you today in his memory.
Israel has been fighting for its survival since it became a country in It is surrounded by hostile nations that want to destroy or at least diminish it. There is tremendous tension between the Palestine Liberation Members and Israeli officials and citizens.
There have been peaceful rallies and bloody bus bombings. People in Israel today are unsure about preceding with peace negotiations or standing firm in stopping present day terrorist activities. Protests, shouting matches, and violent disputes between Israelis are common occurrences. No one person, the college professor, the taxi driver, or the merchant is sure that their solution to these life and death problems are the right decision.
On Friday, May 14,after much deliberation the modern state of Israel was voted into existence by the United Nations. Finally the Jews around the world had a country to call their own. Unfortunately, the road ahead of them was not an easy or peaceful one. There are many organizations that have dedicated their existence to destroying the people and country of Israel.
Hamas uses many tactics to achieve its goals of terrorism. Suicide bombings, riots, rock throwing, car bombings, stonings, and many other destructive terrorist activities are also used periodically to gain news attention to their radical fundamentalist beliefs.
Since its formation in Hamas has vowed to do anything possible to halt the peace process which they feel is unfair to Palestinians and other Arabs.
The group is not condoned by the Palestine Liberation Organization, yet very little concrete action has been taken to stop this group. The philosophy of Jihad, or holy war, is the basis for Moslem actions to obliterate all Jews from this area.
To the contrary, there are many Israeli organizations that have dedicated their existence to preserving Israel and never letting it be conquered. On the surface, the reason for the conflict over this small piece of land in the middle east seems simple: What has made the conflict so bitter and emotional is the fact that the land being fought over was sacred to both sides.
For Jews, the establishment of the state of Israel represented a return to their biblical homeland after 2, years of exile and persecution, and the near extinction of the Jewish people in the Nazi Holocaust of WWII. For Palestinians, who had lived in the area they had called Palestine for 1, years, the land was also a spiritual home for their Islamic religion.
Sincethere has been a movement towards peace in the middle east. After engaging in many armed conflicts between their two countries over the years, Israeli President Menachem Begin and Egyptian President Anwar- el- Sadat signed an unprecedented peace treaty at Camp David, Maryland in Israel agreed to return the Sinai Peninsula to Egypt in exchange for recognition as a country and an agreement for peace between the two nations.
Palestinians living under Israeli occupation in lands captured by Israel during several wars, however, were not affected by the Camp David Agreement. They remained very frustrated by what they considered Israeli occupation and started a movement called the Intafada in This uprising generally consisted of Palestinian boycotts, demonstrations and throwing rocks at Jewish citizens in the occupied areas.
Israeli police and soldiers often fought back. These rock throwing activities and the use of armed Israeli soldiers to put down the revolt drew tremendous criticism around the world.
The peace process continued. In Jordan and Israel formally ended their hostilities and began trade and economic exchanges. Even though the peace process was continuing, not all Israeli citizens believed in giving up land that had been won during wars for peace.
As the peace process led by Yitzhak Rabin, the Israeli Prime Minister, and Yassir Arafat moved at a slow but steady pace, an Israeli extremist murdered Yitzhak Rabin at a peace rally on November 4, The assassin was a Jewish - Israeli citizen who was opposed to changing borders. This shows the tremendous strain that all people in this area face.
Shortly after the death of Mr. The terror continues as well. On February twenty fifth of this year, the first of four suicide bombings within a two week period conducted by Hamas took place.
The bombings resulted in a total of over sixty deaths. Over the years, Hamas has been responsible for more than deaths and hundreds of injuries to Israeli citizens.Israel’s territorial gains in the Six-Day War changed the parameters of the Arab-Israeli conflict. Previously, Nasser and other Arab leaders called for a return to conditions before the war, meaning either the UN partition or a unified Palestine under majority Arab rule.
The First World War was to set the stage for an alliance between British imperialism and the Zionist colonialism, paving the way for the dispossession and expulsion of the Arab people of Palestine and the creation of the Zionist State in In Part III, "Practical Consequences of Exile and Return," Amal Jamal, Ann M.
Lesch, and Vladimir (Ze'ev) Khanin analyze the predicaments and achievements of three groups moving, or seeking to move, between states of exile and states of return. The Palestine Liberation Organization, a political entity, had been attempting to establish a separate state for the Palestinian Arabs.
In the year , Israel was created in that region. This emergence of the Israeli state and subsequent wars between it and several Arab countries, served to displace a large number of Palestinians.
The purpose of this essay is to look into the ethnic conflict of Israel and Palestine and to reveal the basis of the issue as well as to see how the countries are dealing with it.
To begin with, it is necessary to look into the history of both Israel and Palestine. Israel-Palestine Timeline: The human cost of the conflict records photos and information for each person who has been killed in the ongoing violence.
History of the Israel Lobby Alison Weir's book Against Our Better Judgement: How the U.S. was used to create Israel brings together meticulously sourced evidence to outline the largely unknown.