Background[ edit ] The agrarian reform is part of the long history of attempts of land reform in the Philippines. Aquino through Presidential Proclamation and Executive Order on June 22, and it was enacted by the 8th Congress of the Philippines and signed by Aquino on June 10,
The year saw the formulation of Republic Act No. The Executive Ordersigned by the Philippine President Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo was enacted to widen the areas of operation of the Department of Land Reform, making it accountable for all land reform activities and programs in Philippines.
In addition, recognition of the ownership of the ancestral lands of the native Philippine population also came under he jurisdiction of the Department of Land Reform. Very recently, Executive Order No. The aim of the Executive Order was to do something more other than mere reformation of the agrarian land.
This specific order considered all the important factors to promote beneficial activities which can lead to overall economic upliftment of the Philippine agricultural sector and the peasant class.
Agricultural Sector of Philippines and Agrarian Reforms: The relationship was not at all liberalized, but continued to be feudal in nature.
Here, the ownership of agricultural land remained concentrated in the hands of few landlords. It was basically due to the narrow-mindedness of the landholders who showed more interest in controlling the uses of their plots rather than in achieving sustained increase in agricultural productivity.
This made the landownership somewhat monopolistic in nature in Philippines, where wealth concentrated in the hands of the rich and powerful landlords, while the peasant classes were pushed towards poverty. Though the development was quite slow in terms of the allocating the lands to the tillers, yet the government was successful in allocating an aggregate of 2.
Choose Type of service.On 10 September , President Ferdinand E. Marcos signed the Code of Agrarian Reform of the Philippines into law which established the Department of Agrarian Reform, effectively replacing the Land Authority.
In , the DAR was renamed the Ministry of Agrarian Reform. An important legacy of the Spanish colonial period was the high concentration of land ownership, and the consequent widespread poverty and agrarian unrest.
United States administrators and several Philippine presidential administrations launched land reform programs to maintain social stability in. The Department of Agrarian Reform was further re-named as the Ministry of Agrarian Reform in , under the then Parliamentary form of government in Philippines.
* onwards: The year saw the formulation of Republic Act No. , popular as the Comprehensive Agrarian Reform Law or CARL. SECTION 4. Scope.
— The Comprehensive Agrarian Reform Law of shall cover, regardless of tenurial arrangement and commodity produced, all public and private agricultural lands, as provided in Proclamation No. and Executive Order No. , including other . The Comprehensive Agrarian Reform Program, more commonly known as CARP, is an agrarian reform law of the Philippines whose legal basis is the Republic Act No.
, otherwise known as the Comprehensive Agrarian Reform Law (CARL). Define Agrarian Reform in the Philippines. The present agrarian law implemented nationwide is the Republic Act no. otherwise known as The Comprehensive Agrarian Reform Law or CARL, signed into law by former president Corazon C.
Aquino and implementing to that effect the government program known as Comprehensive Agrarian Reform Program or CARP.